Samples

REFERENCE WORDSMITH can construct general and specialized dictionaries, lexicons, thesauruses, encyclopedic works, question-and-answer databases, trivia collections, collocations and compounds collections; ontologies, hierarchies, taxonomies, classification and thematic schemes, and wordlists according to client specifications.

Here are small samples of the types of projects REFERENCE WORDSMITH has done or can do:

COLLOCATIONS COLLECTION

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CROSSWORD PUZZLE DICTIONARY SAMPLE 1

Guinea-Bissau
administrative divisions: 3 Oio 4 Gabu 6 Bafata, Biombo, Bissau, Bolama, Cacheu 7 Quinara, Tombali
alternate name: 4 Gabu 11 Guine-Bissau 16 Portuguese Guinea 22 Republic of Guinea-Bissau
archipelago: 7 Bijagos
capital: 6 Bissau
cities: 4 Buba 5 Catio, Farim 6 Bafata, Bolama, Cacheu, Cacine, Dandum, Mansoa 7 Bissora, Bubaque, San Joav 9 Fulacunda 10 Nova Lamego 11 Madina do Boe, Madine do Boe, Sao Domingos
continent: 6 Africa
currency: 4 peso 6 escudo 8 centavos, CFA franc
ethnic groups: 4 Fula 5 Brassa, Papel 7 Balanta, Malinke, Manjaca, mulatto 8 Mandinga, Mandyako
inhabitant: 7 Guinean 8
islands: 4 Roxa 6 Orango 7 Bijagos, Formosa
languages: 5 Fulah 7 Balante, Crioulo 8 Mandingo 10 Portuguese 21 Cape Verde-Guinea Creole
religions: 5 Islam 7 animism 12 Christianity
rivers: 4 Geba 6 Cacheu, Mansoa 7 Corubal
Hammett, Dashiell
alternate name: 13 Samuel Hammett
characters: 4 Asta 8 Sam Spade 11 Miles Archer, Nick Charles, Nora Charles 13 Continental Op
country of origin: 2 US
related: 14 Humphrey Bogart, Lillian Hellman
wrote: 10 Red Harvest, The Thin Man 11 The Glass Key 12 The Dain Curse 16 The Maltese Falcon
Hansel and Gretel
author: 10 Jakob Grimm 12 Wilhelm Grimm 13 Grimm Brothers
opera author: 11 Humperdinck
related: 4 oven 5 bread, witch 16 gingerbread house

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CROSSWORD PUZZLE DICTIONARY SAMPLE 2

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DICTIONARY SAMPLE 1

labia majora n. Anatomy The two outer folds of skin on either side of the opening of the vulva in females.

labia minora n. Anatomy The two inner folds of skin forming the margins on either side of the opening of the vulva in females. They are enclosed within the labia majora. Also called nymphae.

labor-intensive adj. Requiring more labor force than mechanical or capital goods investment; denoting a task with a high proportion of the cost being for labor.

Labrador Current A cold arctic current flowing south from Baffin Bay past Labrador to the Grand Banks where it intersects with the Gulf Stream. The mixture of cold current with the warm Gulf Stream causes dense fogs off Newfoundland.

Labrador retriever n. A medium-sized, solidly-built hunting dog that originated in Newfoundland. It has a thick, water-resistant coat of brown, yellow, or black and a tapering tail. Also Labrador or Lab.

lacrimation or lachrymation n. The shedding of tears, esp. excessive; crying.

lactalbumin n. The protein (albumin) found in milk.

lactase n. Biochemistry Any of a group of enzymes in certain yeasts and in the intestines of mammals that decomposes lactose into glucose and galactose.

ladies' room or ladies room n. A bathroom for women.

ladies' man or lady's man n. A man who thrives on attention from women and who is also attentive toward them.

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DICTIONARY SAMPLE 2

##W
chat
##V0
chats
chatted
chatting
##N0
chats
##N1
confab
confabulation
conversation
chitchat
small talk
gab
gabfest
gossip
chin-wag
chin-wagging
##N2
online talk
chat room
##N3
New World warbler
wood warbler
yellow-breasted chat
##N4
thrush
stonechat
whinchat
##V1
confabulate
confab
chitchat
chatter
natter
gossip
jaw
converse
discourse
schmooze
jawbone

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DICTIONARY SAMPLE 3


( machine

   :POS noun

   :G-DERIV ((-ist noun tr_actor) (-ery noun tr_collection) (-null verb tr_use))

   :SENSES

   (( machine1

      :EXAMPLE (the washing machine is on * the machine is beyond repair)

      :SYNTAX nil

      :type p

      :PAR (c-machine)

      :ASSOC (equipment)

      :PREF nil

    )

   )

) 

( mad

   :POS adj

   :G-DERIV ((-ly adv tr_manner) (-est super_adj) (-er comp_adj) (-man) (-en) (-ness))

   :SENSES

   (( mad1

      :SYNTAX (adj-inf)

      :EXAMPLE (her mother is mad)

      :type s

      :PAR (c-behavior-qual)

      :ASSOC (crazy insane)

      :PREF nil

    )

    ( mad2

      :SYNTAX (adj-inf)

      :EXAMPLE (he is mad at her)

      :type p

      :PAR (c-behavior-qual c-personality-qual)

      :ASSOC (angry furious)

      :PREF nil

    )

    ( mad3

      :SYNTAX (adj-inf)

      :EXAMPLE (he is mad about fried mozzarella)

      :type s

      :PAR (c-positive-qual c-personality-qual)

      :ASSOC (keen like crazy-for)

      :PREF nil

    )

    ( mad4

      :SYNTAX (adj-inf)

      :EXAMPLE (mad dash * mad panic)

      :type s

      :PAR (c-behavior-qual)

      :ASSOC (frantic excited)

      :PREF nil

    )

   )

) 

( magazine

   :POS noun

   :G-DERIV nil

   :SENSES

   (( magazine1

      :SYNTAX nil

      :EXAMPLE (she loves magazines)

      :type p

      :PAR (c-published-document)

      :ASSOC (periodical)

      :PREF nil

    )

    ( magazine2

      :SYNTAX nil

      :EXAMPLE (a magazine of a gun * the posts magazine)

      :type s

      :PAR (c-machine-part c-room)

      :ASSOC (compartment storeroom)

      :PREF nil

    )

    ( magazine3

      :SYNTAX nil

      :EXAMPLE (nightly news magazine)

      :type s

      :PAR (c-performance-obj)

      :ASSOC (news-program)

      :PREF nil

    )

   )

) 

( magic

   :POS noun

   :G-DERIV ((-ician noun magician) (-al adj) (-null adj tr_property))

   :SENSES

   (( magic1

      :SYNTAX (mass)

      :EXAMPLE (the magic of the theatre * magic in his feet)

      :type p

      :PAR (c-aura)

      :ASSOC (mystery gift)

      :PREF nil

    )

   )

) 

( magnet

   :POS noun

   :G-DERIV ((-ism) (-ic))

   :SENSES

   (( magnet1

      :SYNTAX nil

      :EXAMPLE (bar magnet)

      :type p

      :PAR (c-natural-element c-energy)

      :ASSOC (iron force)

      :PREF nil

    )

   )

) 

( magnificent

   :POS adj

   :G-DERIV ((-ly adv tr_manner) (-ance noun tr_state))

   :SENSES

   (( magnificent1

      :SYNTAX nil

      :EXAMPLE (magnificent book)

      :type p

      :PAR (c-positive-qual)

      :ASSOC (superb wonderful)

      :PREF nil

    )

   )

) 

( magnify

   :POS verb

   :G-DERIV ((-ion noun tr_act tr_object))

   :SENSES

   (( magnify1

      :SYNTAX (one-obj)

      :EXAMPLE (it magnified the page)

      :type p

      :PAR (c-cause-to-phys-change)

      :ASSOC (make-bigger enlarge)

      :PREF nil

    )

    ( magnify2

      :SYNTAX (one-obj)

      :EXAMPLE (she magnified its importance)

      :type p

      :PAR (c-describing)

      :ASSOC (exaggerate)

      :PREF nil

    )

   )

) 

( magnitude

   :POS noun

   :G-DERIV nil

   :SENSES

   (( magnitude1

      :SYNTAX (mass)

      :EXAMPLE (magnitude of the problem)

      :type p

      :PAR (c-size-rel)

      :ASSOC (great-size great-importance)

      :PREF nil

    )

   )

) 

( magnum

   :POS noun

   :G-DERIV nil

   :SENSES

   (( magnum1

      :SYNTAX nil

      :EXAMPLE (magnum of champagne)

      :type p

      :PAR (c-unit-of-measure c-container)

      :ASSOC (1.5-liter bottle)

      :PREF nil

    )

   )

) 

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DICTIONARY SAMPLE 4

deadbeat n. A lazy person.
dead-end adj. Able to go no further. dead end n,
deadlock n. A standstill.
deaf adj. 1. Without hearing. 2. Unwilling to listen.
deafening adj. Very loud.
deal n. 1. An agreement. 2. A card hand. 3. A transaction.
deal v. dealt; dealing  ;1. To administer. 2. To sell.
dean n. A division head.
dear adj. dearer; dearest  1. Heartfelt. 2. Sweetheart. dearly adv.
death n. 1. The end of life. 2. To death: excessively [Id].

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DICTIONARY SAMPLE 5


#r#3tinkle 2
#S#6n
#G#5?[#6usu. sing.#5?]
#D#11
#T#5a tinkling sound
#D#12
#T#6euph infml #5an act of urinating (#7URINATE#5); used of or by children
#n#3Tin Man #5/@!@. #!@./
#G#5?[#6the#5?]
#D#10
#T#5a character from the book and film #6The Wizard of Oz#5. He is made of metal
and does not have a heart, but in the story goes to see the Wizard of Oz to ask him to
give him a heart. &-see {{color}} picture on page 685
#W
#H#3tin@.ni@.tus #5/#!t$In$It@@s/
#S#6n
#G#5?[U?]
#L#6med
#D#10
#T#5an illness in which one hears noises, such as ringing, that are not there
#W
#H#3tin@.ny #5/#!t$Ini/
#S#6adj
#D#11
#T#5of, like, or containing tin
#D#12
#T#5having a thin metallic sound: #6a cheap stereo that gives a tinny sound
#D#13
#T#6infml #5(esp. of something metal) cheaply and badly made
#R#5&-#1-niness
#S#6n
#G#5?[U?]
#W
#H[[#3can opener #6esp. AmE@t#5!|@t#1tin o@.pen@.er #5/#!@. @!@.@.@./ #6BrE]]#5&-
#S#6n
#D#10
#T#5a tool for opening tins &-see picture at #7KITCHEN
#r#3tin pan al@.ley #5/@!@. @. #!@.@./
#D#10
#T#5(#6often caps.#5) esp. formerly, writers, players, and producers of popular
music
#W
#H#3tin@.plate #5/#!t$Inple$It/
#S#6n
#G#5?[U?]
#D#10
#T#5very thin sheets of iron or steel covered with tin
#W
#H#3tin@.sel #5/#!t$Ins#6#@#5l/
#S#6n
#G#5?[U?]
#D#11
#T#5very thin sheets, lengths, or threads of shiny material used for decorations,
esp. at Christmas
#D#12
#T#5something showy that is really cheap or worthless: #6the tinsel and glam{{or}}
of Hollywood
#R#5&-#1~ly
#S#6adj
#n#3Tin@.sel@.town #5/#!t$Ins#@lta$un/
#L#6infml, humor
#D#10
#T#7HOLLYWOOD
#n#3tin shears #5/#!@. @!@./also #1snips
#S#6n
#G#5?[P?]
#D#60
#T#7heavy scissors for cutting metal sheets

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DICTIONARY SAMPLE 6

Indian
madras type of hot Indian curry powder
paneer tikka cottage cheese kebabs
tikka small pieces of boneless meat

Indonesian
dadar coconut pancake
dadar gulung coconut crepe

Japanese
California roll sushi containing crab meat, avocado, and cucumber
miso shiru (also miso soup) soup made of fermented paste made of cooked soybeans, salt, and often rice or barley

Korean
gimchi fermented vegetable dish seasoned with red peppers and garlic
seolleongtang soup of rice, beef, and noodles seasoned with sesame seeds, salt, pepper, scallions, and sesame oil

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DICTIONARY SAMPLE 7

ama (Ayurveda) a toxic substance in the body, considered a major cause of illness. The Sanskrit word encompasses external poisons introduced into the body as well as poisons created internally due to low agni, poor food combinations, inadequate elimination of wastes, or disturbed doshas. A whitish coating on the tongue indicates ama. Bad breath and body odor are also signs of ama in the body. When the coating is only on the back third of the tongue, there is ama in the colon. Ayurvedic physicians may recommend herbs to eliminate ama and balance agni.

chakra (yoga) one of the seven centers of spiritual or physical energy in the human body. These seven energy channels are located at: 1) crown chakra, 2) between the eyebrows, 3) throat chakra, 4) heart chakra, 5) navel chakra, 6) secret chakra (at the base of the sexual organ), 7) at the tip of the sexual organ. Chakra is a Sanskrit term meaning ‘wheel of energy and various disciplines do not agree on the number, which can vary from five to ten.

chi Chinese word for ‘breath’ or ‘energy’. In Taoism, chi is the cosmic energy that permeates all things. Within the human body, the chi is seen as the vital force of the body and is closely associated with the breath. During the act of breathing, in addition to oxygenating the blood with the outer breath (wai chi), one breathes in with the inner breath (nei chi) the surrounding cosmic energy to resupply the inner chi or life force of the body. (Variants are vital force, ether, ki, prana, vril, and others depending on the culture.)

child’s pose (yoga) a restful pose in which one is folded into a fetal position, often with the arms extended back from the head. (Variant balasana)

  1. Kneel on the floor. Touch your big toes together and sit on your heels, then separate your knees about as wide as your hips.
  2. Exhale and lay your torso down between your thighs. Broaden your sacrum across the back of your pelvis and narrow your hip points toward the navel, so that they nestle down onto the inner thighs. Lengthen your tailbone away from the back of the pelvis while you lift the base of your skull away from the back of your neck.
  3. Lay your hands on the floor alongside your torso, palms up, and release the fronts of your shoulders toward the floor. Feel how the weight of the front shoulders pulls the shoulder blades wide across your back.
  4. Balasana is a resting pose. Stay anywhere from 30 seconds to a few minutes. Beginners can also use Balasana to get a taste of a deep forward bend, where the torso rests on the thighs. Stay in the pose from 1 to 3 minutes. To come up, first lengthen the front torso, and then with an inhalation lift from the tailbone as it presses down and into the pelvis.

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DICTIONARY SAMPLE 8

keyword: braise
pronunciation: BRAYZ
definition: to cook food, usually browned first in fat, tightly covered in a small amount of liquid. This slow, moist cooking method develops flavors and tenderizes foods like tougher cuts of meats and fibrous vegetables. Braising can be done on the stovetop or in the oven. The liquid can be water or something with flavor and it is generally 1-2 inches deep in the pot or dish, which must be tightly closed to retain the moisture. The cooking temperature should be medium-low to medium on the stove or moderate (325-350°) in the oven.
variants/synonyms: braze, braize, á la braise
close/confused terms: Braising and stewing are closely related; stews are made with more liquid and smaller pieces of food.
cross-references: braising chart in back matter
word history: from the French braiser and braise, meaning ‘hot charcoal’
trivia, interesting facts: The pot used can be called a braiser, braising kettle, or braising pan. In early cookery, braising meant cooking slowly in hot embers; the embers were placed on the lid rim so that the heat came from above and below the pot.
tips, hints: Braise tough cuts of meat such as pot roast, brisket, short ribs, coq au vin – and fibrous vegetables like artichokes, Belgian endive, cabbage, carrots, celery, leeks, and radicchio.
list(s): ~

keyword: crème caramel
pronunciation: krehm kehr-ah-MEHL, krem KAR-uh-mehl
definition: a custard baked in a caramel-coated mold. When it is inverted and removed from the mold, the caramel forms a topping and runs down the side of the custard.
variants/synonyms: crème renversée (cream turned upside down), crème renversée au caramel, crema caramella (It), flan (Sp), caramel custard
close/confused terms: crème au caramel
cross-references: custard
word history: French for ‘caramel custard’
trivia, interesting facts: French custards are usually unmolded and therefore call for more eggs and egg yolks than custards served directly from their baking dishes.
tips, hints: This dessert is served cold. A variation is petits pots de crème.
list(s): ~

keyword: Gewürztraminer
pronunciation: guh-VURTS-trah-mee-ner
definition: a white wine which is crisp, pungent, and has a perfumed bouquet. It is a specialty of the French region of Alsace and German region of Pfalz; also made in Germany, Austria, and California. It is available in varying degrees of sweetness.
variants/synonyms: Gewurztraminer, Gentil Rosé Aromatique, Red Traminer, Savagnin Rosé, Traminer Aromatico, Traminer Musqué, Tramini Piros; formerly Traminer
close/confused terms: ~
cross-references: ~
word history: from the German Gewürz  meaning ‘spice’ and Traminer, the name of a village in northern Italy.
trivia, interesting facts: This wine is strongly reminiscent of apricot, cinnamon, ginger, grapefruit, litchee, and peach. This white grape has a slightly pinkish skin.
tips, hints: This wine is best when drunk fairly young; it won't usually age well over 5 years.
list(s): ~

keyword: grapefruit
pronunciation: GRAYP-froot
definition: the globular fruit of Citrus paradisi, believed an 18th-century natural hybrid of the orange and pomelo, which has yellow skin and pulp of varying color depending on the variety (yellow, pink, reddish). It is tart and very juicy.
variants/synonyms: grape-fruit
close/confused terms: ~
cross-references: citrus fruit
word history: term first used in Jamaica in 1814, probably because it grows in clusters – or because its discoverer thought it tasted like grapes.
trivia, interesting facts: Grapefruit is available seedless or with seeds. It is the second largest citrus fruit, after the pomelo, and is grown primarily in the US. Red and pink grapefruits have a slightly higher amount of Vitamin A.
tips, hints: Choose firm and heavy for its size; avoid those with soft spots. Keep at room temperature for 1-2 weeks or in the refrigerator for up to 3 weeks. A grapefruit at room temperature will be juicier and sweeter. A grapefruit knife and spoon are inexpensive, great tools.
list(s): types of grapefruit: seeded/seedless, color classifications: white (Duncan, Marsh, Oro Blanco) / pink|red (Ruby Red, Thompson/Pink Marsh)

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ENCYCLOPEDIA CLASSIFICATION SCHEME SAMPLE 1

<A>Aachen <C>CITY, GERMANY
<A>Aargau <C>CANTON, SWITZERLAND
<A>Aaron, Henry Louis <C>BIOM, US, BLACK, BASEBALL
 
ENCYCLOPEDIA CLASSIFICATION SCHEME SAMPLE 2
Abadan
geopolitical feature
history
city
Iran
Abbadids
history
political science/govt
Spain
Abbas
history
islam
biog male
political leader
Egypt
Bighorn Mountains
geophysical feature
Wyoming

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ENCYCLOPEDIA SAMPLE

EDGAR DEGAS
The Impressionist paintings of Edgar Degas broke a lot of the "rules" of 19th-20th century art in Europe. The painter came from a wealthy family in France, so he did not have to worry about being his work not being accepted. Degas liked to depict scenes from unusual angles and most of his subjects involved female ballet dancers. He was also a very good sculptor and as his eyesight started to fail, Degas spent most of his time modeling figures and horses in wax over metal.
FUN FACT: Degas also wrote poetry, especially sonnets, in his spare time.


NEW MEXICO
New Mexico is a very large, beautiful state in the southwestern U.S. At
the southern end of the Rocky Mountains, New Mexico is bordered by Mexico,
Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma's panhandle, and Texas. It is the fifth largest
state with 121,593 square miles (314,925 sq. km) but has only 1 1/2 million
people. The state was explored and settled by the Spanish and remained under
their control until Mexico took it in the 1820's. The U.S. annexed the state
in 1846 and it finally became the 47th state in 1912. New Mexico has
mountains and desert areas, so there is little farming but large reserves of
natural gas, minerals, and petroleum. The capital is Santa Fe. The state was the site of many fights between settlers and Indians. Droughts do plague the state, but there is much tourism and industries and government operations are moving there.


X-RAY DIFFRACTION ANALYSIS
A technique used to identify minerals present in an artifact's raw materials; it can also be used in geomorphologic contexts to identify particular clay minerals in sediments and thus the source from which the sediment was derived. The technique identifies the major chemical components of an artifact, mainly on pottery though stone and weathering products on metal have also been analyzed. A sample is powdered and then bombarded with X-rays and a diffraction pattern is reflected onto and recorded as a series of arcs by photographic film. The patterns are compared with reference standards to identify the minerals present; mineral identification is based on the spacing between the arcs. X-ray diffraction can yield information on the manufacturing processes of pottery and metal and for this purpose the back-reflection diffraction method is used, which is totally non-destructive.

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HIERARCHY SAMPLE 1


1 whole (a indefinite object made up of definite parts)

     2 part (a part of some entity)

               3 time-part (part of a temporal object)

               3 event-part (part of an event)

                    4 performance-part (a part of an artistic performance)

               3 group-part (a part of a group object)

               3 portion-part (a portion/fraction of a whole)

                    4 ownership-part (a share of ownership)

               3 order-part (an ordered part of a whole)

                    4 bottom-part (the lowest portion of an entity)

                    4 end-part (the end part of an entity)

                    4 first-part (the first/beginning part of a whole)

                    4 following-part (a part following another)

                    4 main/core-part (the main part of an entity; essential part)

                    4 middle-part (the middle part of an entity)

                    4 minor-part (the minor parts of an entity)

                    4 top-part (the highest part of an entity)

                    4 exterior-part (the external part of an entity)

                    4 interior-part (the internal part of an entity)

               3 physical-part (a part of a physical object)

                    4 area-part (a subarea of an entity)

                    4 plant-part (a part of a plant entity) 

                    4 animal-part (a part of an animal)

                         5 animal-internal-part (an internal part of an animate entity)

                    4 human-part (a part of a human object)

                         5 internal-human-part (an internal part of a human object)

                    4 solid-part (part of a solid)

                    4 liquid-part (part of a liquid)

                    4 machine-part (part of a machine)

                         5 vehicle-part (part of a vehicle)

                    4 structure-part (part of a building, room, etc)

                    4 furniture-part (part of a furnishing)

                    4 document-part (part of a document)

                    4 clothing-part (part of an article of clothing)

                    4 language-part (part of a language entity)

                    4 deformity (an inflicted shape on an entity)

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HIERARCHY SAMPLE 2

Branches of Architecture <B>
(examples in parentheses)
agricultural (barns, silos, stables)
commercial and industrial (banks, factories, office buildings, refineries, stores)
domestic/residential (apartments, castles, hotels, houses)
educational and public welfare (hospitals, prisons, schools, universities)
governmental (capitols, courthouses, post offices, town halls)
military (armories, forts)
outdoor (racetracks, golf courses, parks)
recreational (athletic facilities, auditoriums, libraries, museums, theatres)
religious and commemorative (churches, monuments, mosques, shrines, synagogues, tombs, temples)


Ballet <A>
Starting Positions <B>
First position: heels touch (arms at sides, slightly curved downward)
Second position: feet apart 12 in (arms out and curved downward)
Third position: feet parallel, right heel in front of left (one arm curved downward at side, the other out and curved downward)
Fourth position: same with right heel outward 12 in (one arm curved downward and in front of the body, the other held above the head and curved toward the centerline)
Fifth position: feet parallel, right foot fully in front of left (both arms held above the head and curving toward the centerline)
closed positions: First, Third, Fifth
open positions: Second, Fourth
also: two major body positions
arabesque: weight of body on one leg, other leg extended backward with knee straight
attitude: similar to arabesque but knee of raised leg is bent
 
Steps <B>
(examples in parentheses)
training exercises: plié, battement
jumping or leaping steps: entrechat, jeté, assemblé, ballonné, changement de pieds, pas de chat, sauté
turning steps: pirouette, tour en l’air, chainé, fouettétour en l’air
traveling movements: chassé, glissade, pas de bourrée

Book Publishing <A>
Bestseller Categories <B>
(from Publishers Weekly)
hardcover fiction
hardcover nonfiction
trade paperback
mass-market paperback
almanacs, atlases, and annuals

Book Classification <B>
Copyright Page <C>
[Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data]
author (last name, first name)
title of book and author (first name, last name)
subject(s) of book
International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
Library of Congress classification and classification number, year of publication
Dewey Decimal classification (optional)

International Standard Book Number (ISBN) <C>
Ten-digit number assigned to every published book, identifying each work’s national geographical or language grouping, its publisher, title, edition, and volume number.
For the US, the designated national standard book numbering agency is R.R. Bowker.
first digit: area of origin, 0 = English-speaking country
next two digits: publisher
next six digits: book’s title, assigned by publisher
last digit: check digit (to prevent errors)
For example, the ISBN of the hardcover edition of this book is 0-679-*.

Book Sizes <B>
(octavo formats)
5 1/4 x 8 1/2 inches
5 1/2 x 8 1/2
6 x 9
6 1/8 x 9 1/4
6 1/2 x 4 1/8
7 1/4 x 4 7/8
8 1/2 x 5 1/2
(quarto formats)
7 x 9
8 x 10
8 1/4 x 10 7/8
8 1/2 x 11
9 3/4 x 7 3/8
11 x 8 5/8
double elephant folio, 25"+
atlas folio, 25"
elephant folio, 23"+
folio, 13"+
quarto, 11-13"
small quarto, 10"
octavo, 8-9"
small octavo, 7 1/2-8"
duodecimo, 7"
sextodecimo, 6-7"
vigesimoquarto, 5-6"
trigesimosecundo, 4-5"
fortyeightmo, 4"
sixtyfourmo, 3"
miniature, 3"

Book Types <B>
hardcover
trade paperback
mass market paperback
reference
children’s
textbook
mail-order

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KIDS DICTIONARY SAMPLE

calico (ka-li-ko) an animal with a mottled or multicolored coat.
Originally, calico was a term for various cloths which were dyed, stained, printed, or plain and imported to England from the seaport city of Calicut, India. Calico cats and horses have splotches of color, much like the original cloths.
Calico cats are always female. A tortoiseshell cat is black with red or orange markings and a calico cat is white with patches of red, orange and black.

synonyms: (for horses) variegated, piebald.

fiesta (fee-es-tuh) a festival or religious holiday, especially a saint's day celebrated in Spanish-speaking countries. This word was borrowed from a Spanish word spelled the same way and meaning ‘feast’ or ‘festival’.
Let’s find the fiesta and join in the fun! The Cinco de Mayo fiesta commemorates the 1862 defeat of French troops at the Battle of Puebla in Mexico.

synonyms: festivity


nightingale
(nite-n-gale) a songbird with reddish-brown feathers, noted for the male’s night song.
When Norse Vikings created settlements along the coasts of England, the Norse word gala, "to sing," entered English speech. The early name of this bird, nahtigala, meant "night singer."
Nightingales also sing during the day when it is breeding and nesting season.

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KNOWLEDGE BASE SAMPLE

Vendor Category: Pets And Pet Supplies
Keyword Category: Pets And Pet Supplies
animal health products
aquariums and aquarium supplies
bird feeders and houses
cats
dog and cat foods and supplies
dogs
feed dealers
pet foods
pet furnishings
pet shops
rabbits
reptiles
tropical fish


Keyword Category: Pet-Related Services
animal shelters
dog training
horse transporting
humane societies
kennels
pet cemeteries and crematories
pet exercising and feeding service
pet grooming
pet health plans
pet lost-and-found agencies
pet registration and identification services
pet training
pet transportation service
pet waste removal


Keyword Category: Veterinarians
anesthesiologist veterinarians
cardiologist veterinarians
dental veterinarians
dermatologist veterinarians
emergency service veterinarians
internal medicine veterinarians
laboratory animal medicine
neurologist veterinarians
ophthalmologist veterinarians
pathologist veterinarians
preventive medicine veterinarians
public health veterinarians
radiology veterinarians
surgical veterinarians
toxicological veterinarians
veterinarians
veterinary hospitals
veterinary referral service


Keyword * Variants * Synonyms
agencies * agency, agent, agents * organization, organizations, bureau, bureaus, institution, institutions, company, companies, firm, firms, operation
anesthesiologist * anesthesiologists, anesthesia, anesthetist, anesthetists, anesthesiology, anesthetize, anesthetized, anesthetizing, anesthesia, anaesthesia *
animal * animals * pet, pets, livestock, cat, dog, cats, dogs, fish, hamster, hamsters, snake, snakes, reptile, reptiles, turtle, turtles, bird, birds
aquarium * aquariums * fish tank, fish tanks, fishbowl, fishbowls, tank, tanks
bird feeders * bird feeder, feeder, feeders * bird bath, bird baths, bird house, bird houses, birdhouses, birdhouse
birdhouses * birdhouse * bird cage, bird cages, aviary, aviaries, bird feeder, bird feeders
cardiologist * cardiologists, cardiology, cardiologic, cardiological * heart doctor, heart doctors, heart veterinarian, heart veterinarians, heart vet, heart vets
cat * cats, pussycat, pussycats * kitten, kittens, kitty, kitties, pet, pets, feline, felines, pussy, pussies, tabby, tabbies
cemeteries * cemetery * graveyard, graveyards, burial ground, burial grounds, grave, graves, mortuary, mortuaries
crematories * crematory, crematorium, crematoriums, crematoria, cremate, cremated, cremating, cremation * cinerarium, cinerariums, funeral home, funeral homes
dealers * dealer, deal, dealt, dealing * wholesaler, wholesalers, merchant, merchants, salesman, saleswoman, salesperson, trader, traders, retailer, retailers, shopkeeper, shopkeepers, storekeeper, storekeepers, vendor, vendors, middleman, middlewoman, middleperson, merchandiser, merchandisers, distributor, distributors
dental * dentist, dentists, dentistry, dental care, dental specialist, dental specialists * tooth doctor, tooth doctors, doctor, doctors, teeth doctor, teeth doctors
dermatologist * dermatologist, dermatology, dermatological, dermatologic * skin doctor, skin doctors, skin veterinarian, skin veterinarians, skin vet, skin vets
dog * dogs, doggy, doggies * puppy, puppies, pup, pups, canine, canines, mutt, mutts, pet, pets
emergency * emergencies * crisis, urgency, accident, accidents
exercising * exercise, exercised * workout, workouts, conditioning, conditioned, condition, train, trained, training, fitness
feed * feeds * food, foods, fodder, provisions, meal, pet food, pet foods, supply, supplies
foods * food, pet food, pet foods, dog food, dog foods, cat food, cat foods, bird food, bird foods * feed, fodder, provisions, meal, nourishment, nutriment, nutriments, supply, supplies
found * find, finding * location, locating, search, searches, searching
furnishings * furnishing , furniture, furnish, furnished * fixture, fixtures, goods, equipment, apparatus, gear, paraphernalia, fittings, things, supplies, material, materials, merchandise, furniture
grooming * groom, groomed, groomer, groomers * clean, cleaned, cleaning, comb, combed, combing, clip, clipped, clipping, bath, bathed, bathing
health * healthy, healthiness, healthfulness, health care, health plan, health plans * well-being, medical, condition, shape, medicine, clinic
health plans * health plan, health care, health, healthy, healthiness, healthfulness, health insurance, health service, health services, health policy, health policies * medical insurance, medical policy, medical policies, insurance plan, insurance plans, insurance policy, insurance policies
horse * horses * pony, ponies, pet, pets, riding, equestrian
hospitals * hospital * clinic, clinics, veterinarian, veterinarians, vet, vets, facility, facilities, center, centers
humane societies * humane society * abandoned animals, animal shelter, animal shelters
identification * identification, ID, ID’s, identify, identified, identifying, identification tag, identification tags, ID tag, ID tags * tag, tags, dog tag, dog tags, license, licenses, dog license, dog licenses
internal medicine * medicine * vet, vets, veterinarian, veterinarians
kennels * kennel * doghouse, doghouses, dog shelter, dog shelters, pound, pounds, dog pound, dog pounds, lodge, lodging, board, boarding, animal shelter, animal shelters
laboratory * laboratories, lab, labs, research laboratory, research laboratories, research lab, research labs * center, centers, facility, facilities, clinic, clinics
lost * lose, losing * missing, disappeared, gone, strayed, vanished, searches, searching, search
neurologist * neurologists, neurological, neurology, neurologically * nervous system doctor, nervous system doctors, nervous system veterinarian, nervous system veterinarians, nervous system vet, nervous system vets, nerve, nerves
ophthalmologist * ophthalmologists, ophthalmology, ophthalmological, ophthalmologic * eye doctor, eye doctors, eye veterinarian, eye veterinarians, eye vet, eye vets
pathologist * pathologists, pathology, pathologies, pathological, pathologically * diagnosis
pet * pets * animal, animals, livestock, cat, cats, dog, dogs, hamster, hamsters, reptile, reptiles, bird, birds, fish
preventive medicine * preventative medicine *
products * product, production, produce * goods, merchandise, commodity, commodities, device, devices, stock, article, articles, item, items, stuff
public health * * health care
rabbits * rabbit, bunny rabbit, bunny rabbits * bunny, bunnies, hare, hares, cottontail, cottontails
radiology * radiologist, radiologists, radiological, radiologically * X-ray, X-rays
referral * referrals, refer, referred, referring, reference * send, sent, sending, suggest, suggested, suggesting, suggestion, guide, guided, guiding, guidance, recommend, recommended, recommending, recommendation, recommendations
registration * register, registered, registering, registry, registries * record, recorded, recording, enroll, enrolled, enrolling, enrollment, list, listed, listing, log, logged, logging, identification, ID, tagging, tags
removal * remove, removed, removing * transfer, transferred, transferring, transferal, relocation, relocate, relocated, relocating, deposal, depose, deposed, deposing, take away, carry away, eliminate, eliminated, eliminating, elimination, extract, extracted, extracting, transport, transported, transporting, transportation
reptiles * reptile, reptilian, reptilians * lizard, lizards, snake, snakes, turtle, turtles
services * service, serve, served, serving, servicing, serviced * assistance, assist, assisted, assisting, help, helped, helping, aid, aided, aiding, business, businesses
shelters * shelter, sheltered, sheltering * refuge, sanctuary, pound, pounds, sancturaries, security, safety, protection, quarter, quarters
shops * shop * store, stores, boutique, boutiques, market, markets, mart, marts, warehouse, warehouses, outlet, outlets, emporium, emporiums, center, centers, gallery, galleries
supplies * supply, supplied, supplying, supplier, suppliers * provision, provisions, furnishing, furnishings, equipment, stock, inventory, resources, food, foods, material, materials, item, items, store, stores, merchandise, stuff
surgical * surgery, surgeries, surgically, surgeon, surgeons * operation, operations
toxicological * toxicology, toxicologically, toxicologist, toxicologists, toxicologic * poison, poisons, poisonous
training * train, trained * school, schooled, schooling, educate, educated, educating, instruct, instructed, instructing, instruction, instructions, teach, taught, teaching, discipline, disciplined, disciplining, preparation, prepare, prepared, preparing, education
transportation * transport, transported, transporting * move, moved, moving, mover, movers, carry, carried, carrying, haul, hauled, hauling, ship, shipped, shipping, shipment, shipments, truck, trucking, transfer, transferred, transferring, cart, carted, carting, pack, packed, packing, carrier, carriers, pickup, delivery, deliveries, deliver, delivered, delivering
transporting * transportation, transport, transported * move, moved, moving, mover, movers, carry, carried, carrying, haul, hauled, hauling, ship, shipped, shipping, shipment, shipments, truck, trucking, transfer, transferred, transferring, cart, carted, carting, pack, packed, packing, carrier, carriers, pickup, delivery, deliveries, deliver, delivered, delivering
tropical fish * tropical fishes, fish, fishes * saltwater fish
veterinarians * veterinarian, vet, vets, veterinary * doctor, doctors, animal doctor, animal doctors
waste * wastes * trash, rubbish, garbage, leavings, remnants, litter, excrement, feces, dung, refuse, debris

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LEXICON SAMPLE 1

<me>uberty</me><pos></pos><infl>-ties</infl>
<me>ulcer</me><pos></pos><infl>ulcered, ulcering</infl>
<me>ulcerate</me><pos></pos><infl>-rated, -rating</infl>
<me>ulcus</me><pos></pos><infl>ulcera</infl>
<me>ulna</me><pos></pos><infl>ulnae, ulnas</infl>
<me>ulosis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses, -sises</infl>
<me>ulotomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ultramicroscopy</me><pos></pos><infl>-pies</infl>
<me>ultrasonography</me><pos></pos><infl>-phies</infl>
<me>umbilicus</me><pos></pos><infl>-ci, -cuses</infl>
<me>umbo</me><pos></pos><infl>umbones, umbos</infl>
<me>unbalance</me><pos></pos><infl>-lanced, -lancing</infl>
<me>uncia</me><pos></pos><infl>-ciae</infl>
<me>uncinariasis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>uncinatum</me><pos></pos><infl>-ta, -tums</infl>
<me>uncus</me><pos></pos><infl>-ci</infl>
<me>unguis</me><pos></pos><infl>-gues</infl>
<me>ungula</me><pos></pos><infl>-lae</infl>
<me>unhealthy</me><pos></pos><infl>-thier, -thiest</infl>
<me>unicellularity</me><pos></pos><infl>-ties</infl>
<me>unigravida</me><pos></pos><infl>-das, -dae</infl>
<me>unipara</me><pos></pos><infl>-ras, -rae</infl>
<me>unipolarity</me><pos></pos><infl>-ties</infl>
<me>upset</me><pos></pos><infl>upset, upsetting</infl>
<me>uranoplasty</me><pos></pos><infl>-ties</infl>
<me>uranoschisis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses, -sises</infl>
<me>uranostaphyloplasty</me><pos></pos><infl>-ties</infl>
<me>uranostaphylorrhaphy</me><pos></pos><infl>-phies</infl>
<me>ureametry</me><pos></pos><infl>-tries</infl>
<me>uredema</me><pos></pos><infl>-mas, -mata</infl>
<me>ureterectomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureterocolostomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureterocystostomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureteroenterostomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureterography</me><pos></pos><infl>-phies</infl>
<me>ureterohydronephrosis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>ureteroileostomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureterolithiasis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>ureterolithotomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureterolysis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>ureteroneocystostomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureteroneopyelostomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureteronephrectomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureteropathy</me><pos></pos><infl>-thies</infl>
<me>ureteroplasty</me><pos></pos><infl>-ties</infl>
<me>ureteropyelography</me><pos></pos><infl>-phies</infl>
<me>ureteropyeloneostomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureteropyelonephritis</me><pos></pos><infl>-tides</infl>
<me>ureteropyelonephrostomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureteropyeloplasty</me><pos></pos><infl>-ties</infl>
<me>ureteropyelostomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureterorrhaphy</me><pos></pos><infl>-phies</infl>
<me>ureterosigmoidostomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureterostomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>ureterotomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>urethra</me><pos></pos><infl>-thras, -thrae</infl>
<me>urethrectomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>urethritis</me><pos></pos><infl>-tides</infl>
<me>urethrocystitis</me><pos></pos><infl>-tides</infl>
<me>urethroplasty</me><pos></pos><infl>-ties</infl>
<me>urethrorrhaphy</me><pos></pos><infl>-phies</infl>
<me>urethroscopy</me><pos></pos><infl>-pies</infl>
<me>urethrostenosis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>urethrostomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>urethrotomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>urgency</me><pos></pos><infl>-cies</infl>
<me>urhidrosis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>uricolysis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>urinalysis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>urinate</me><pos></pos><infl>-nated, -nating</infl>
<me>urinoma</me><pos></pos><infl>-mas, -mata</infl>
<me>urinometry</me><pos></pos><infl>-tries</infl>
<me>urocyanosis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>urography</me><pos></pos><infl>-phies</infl>
<me>urolithiasis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>urology</me><pos></pos><infl>-gies</infl>
<me>uronoscopy</me><pos></pos><infl>-pies</infl>
<me>uropathy</me><pos></pos><infl>-thies</infl>
<me>uropoiesis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>uroschesis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>uroscopy</me><pos></pos><infl>-pies</infl>
<me>urosepsis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>urotoxicity</me><pos></pos><infl>-ties</infl>
<me>urticate</me><pos></pos><infl>-cated, -cating</infl>
<me>uterography</me><pos></pos><infl>-phies</infl>
<me>uteropexy</me><pos></pos><infl>-xies</infl>
<me>uteroplasty</me><pos></pos><infl>-ties</infl>
<me>uterosalpingography</me><pos></pos><infl>-phies</infl>
<me>uterotomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>uterus</me><pos></pos><infl>-ri, -uses</infl>
<me>utriculus</me><pos></pos><infl>-li</infl>
<me>uveitis</me><pos></pos><infl>-tides</infl>
<me>uvula</me><pos></pos><infl>-las, -lae</infl>
<me>uvulectomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>
<me>uvuloptosis</me><pos></pos><infl>-ses</infl>
<me>uvulotomy</me><pos></pos><infl>-mies</infl>

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LEXICON SAMPLE 2

APPLES, COMMON VARIETIES
Fuji (yellow-green to orange, eating)
Gala (yellow with red, eating)
Golden Delicious (yellow-green, eating and baking)
Granny Smith (bright green, cooking and baking)
Jonathan (bright red, eating and baking)
McIntosh (red and green, cooking)
Newtown Pippin (yellow-green, eating)
Red Delicious (bright red, eating)
Rome Beauty (dark red, cooking)
Winesap (dark red, cider)


CHEESE: solid form of ripened curds of soured milk
American: pasteurized, smooth processed
banon / le banon: soft goat's-milk cured in chestnut, sometimes with cognac (France)
Bel Paese: rich creamy, mild white (Italy)
blue: blue-veined moldy (Denmark)
Boursin: white, smooth and seasoned
brick: pale yellow semisoft (America)
Brie: soft creamy, white moldy (France)
caciocavallo: salty smooth cow's milk (Italy)
Caerphilly: mild white (Wales)
Camembert: rich soft (France)
Cantal: hard strong (France)
cheddar: hard smooth-textured (England)
Cheshire: mild crumbly (England)
chevre: goat's milk (France)
colby: mild, whole-milk cheddar
comte: cooked and pressed from cow's milk (France)
cottage cheese: soft white lumpy
cream cheese: soft rich made from unskimmed milk and cream
crema Danica / Dania: white downy rind and soft interior (Denmark)
Derby: hard pressed made from skimmed milk (England)
Dunlop: full-cream hard (Scotland)
Dutch: spherical (Netherlands)
Edam: mild spherical yellow with red rind (Netherlands)
Edelpilz: blue-veined pale-yellow cow's-milk (Germany)
Emmenthal(er): hard holed (Switzerland)
Epoisses: soft strong-flavored cow's-milk (France)
farmer cheese: cottage from which the liquid has been pressed
feta: white slaty ewe's-milk (Greece)
fontina: semifirm creamy cow's-milk (Italy)
fromage blanc: extremely soft, fresh cream (France)
fromage frais: soft fresh (France)
Gammelost: semisoft yellowish-brown of cow's or goat's milk (Norway)
Gervais: soft creamy (France)
gjetost: goat's milk (Norway)
Gloucester: dense golden yellow cow's-milk (England)
goat cheese: made from the milk of the goat
Gorgonzola: blue cheese made from cow's milk (Italy)
Gouda: mild nutlike-flavor flat round (Netherlands)
Gruyere: firm pale cows'-milk with holes (Switzerland)
handkase: round or cylinder skimmed sour cow's milk (German)
Havarti: semisoft pale yellow with holes (Denmark)
hoop cheese: made in a circular wooden frame
Jarlsberg: large irregular-holed yellow semifirm (Norway)
kuminost: semifirm yellow whole or skimmed cow's milk (Denmark)
Lancashire: white semi-hard (England)
Leicester: firm-textured, usu. orange-colored full milk (England)
Leyden: spicy semisoft, flavored with caraway or cumin (Netherlands)
Liederkranz: strong-flavored soft (Germany)
Limburger: soft white with strong smell (Belgium)
Liptauer: soft and colored and flavored with paprika and seasonings (Hungary)
Livarot: soft smooth interior cow's-milk (France)
longhorn: mild form of cheddar
Maroilles: soft yellow with reddish-brown rind cow's-milk (France)
Mimolette Francais: orange flattened ball cow's-milk (France)
Monterey Jack: various versions from whole, partly skimmed, or skimmed cow's milk (California)
Montrachet: soft creamy white chevre in logs (France)
mozzarella: white, once made from buffalo milk (Italy)
Muenster / Munster: red or orange rind and smooth yellow semisoft interior (France)
mysost / primost: whey cheese, once made from goat's milk (Norway)
Neufchatel: soft white unripened (France)
Parmesan: hard dry (Italy)
pecorino: hard made from ewe's milk (Italy)
Pont L'Eveque: sweet soft (France)
Port-Salut / Port du Salut: pale mild (France)
pot cheese: soft fresh cottage that is drained and slightly drier
processed cheese: made by melting, blending, and freq. emulsifying other cheeses
provolone: smoked buffalo's milk in various shapes (Italy)
Reblochon: soft uncooked cow's milk (France)
ricotta: soft white unsalted (Italy)
Romano: strong-tasting hard (Italy)
Roquefort: soft blue made from ewe's milk (France)
Saanen: white goat's milk (Switzerland)
Saint-Marcellin: soft sweet, cow's-milk (French)
Saint-Paulin: pasteurized with pressed curd and orange rind cow's-milk (France)
sapsago / Schabzieger: hard green and flavored with melilot (Switzerland)
Sbrinz: hard cow's milk and butterfat (Switzerland)
schmierkase / smear-case: soft cottage (German)
smoked cheese: dried or exposed to smoke in preparation
Spalen: young hard cow's milk and butterfat (Switzerland)
Stilton: strong rich white, often blue-veined (England)
Swiss: soft cheese with large holes (Switzerland)
Teleme: soft creamy tangy of butterfat (California)
Tillamook: crumbly, sharp-tasting cheddar (Oregon)
Tilsit: semi-hard (Baltic States)
Trappiste: various kinds made by monks (France, Belgium)
Vacherin: soft cow's milk (France, Switzerland)
Wensleydale: blue or white (England)

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QUESTION-ANSWERING SAMPLE

Q: Who first used forks?
A: Rich people were the first to use forks, mainly to keep there ruffled sleeves out of the food. As the custom of using forks spread, the way food was served changed, too. Instead of everyone taking food from a shared dish, each diner got an individual helping and plate. The invention of the fork also ended the need for washing one’s hands during the meal. Now all we need is a napkin!

Q: Who was the first American-born child?
A: Virginia Dare was born in 1587 to English settlers of Roanoke Island. She was given the name Virginia because she was the first Christian born in Virginia.
Her grandfather left for England just days after her birth to get aid for the colonists. When he finally returned in 1590, the colony had disappeared and Dare’s fate is not known.

Q: Who originated Mother’s Day?
A: U.S. author, suffrage leader, and lecturer, Julia Ward Howe suggested in 1872 that there be a Mother’s Day, to be celebrated on June 2. It was however, Anna Jarvis of Grafton, West Virginia, who began campaigning for the observance of Mother's Day on the second Sunday in May. The celebration of Mother's Day is said to have started in Grafton when Jarvis observed the anniversary of her mother's death in 1908 at the Andrews Methodist Church. She selected the pink carnation as the symbol for Mother’s Day. In 1915, Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Mother’s Day as a national observance. Julia Ward Howe also wrote the "Battle Hymn of the Republic".

Q: Who invented the rubber band and why?
A: Stephen Perry, of the rubber manufacturer Messrs. Perry & Co., patented his design for vulcanized rubber bands on March 17, 1845. They were designed to secure "papers, letters, etc."

Q: Who supplies the money for the Nobel Peace Prizes?
A: The Nobel Prizes are awarded annually by four institutions from a fund established under the will of Alfred B. Nobel, who invented dynamite and made a fortune in the oil fields of Russia. He bequeathed his money to the establishment of the peace prize in his concern over the increasing ability of mankind to kill one another. The other prizes are awarded for the "greatest benefit on mankind" produced in the fields of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, and literature.

Q: What is white chocolate?
A: White chocolate is not really chocolate at all according to the government. "Real" chocolate must contain no fat other than cocoa butter and white chocolate is made of about 30 % vegetable fats, 30 % milk solids, 30 % sugar, and vanilla. No chocolate solids are found in white chocolate, thought the better brands include some cocoa butter.

Q: When does a pig become a hog?
A: In the U.S., all swine under 180 pounds are pigs and those bigger are hogs. In Britain, all swine are pigs.

Q: What is the only letter that does not appear in the Periodic Table of Elements?
A: J; see www.webelements.com

Q: Who has longer vocal cords, a baritone or a soprano?
A: A baritone; the longer the vocal cords, the lower the pitch of the voice. See this great site for more information: http://www.upmc.edu/upmcvoice/anatomy.htm

Q: Why are they called "cellular" phones?
A: See this. The basic geographic unit for mobile telephone services is a "cell" in a cellular system. A city or county is divided into "cells", each of which is equipped with a low-powered radio transmitter/receiver. The cells can vary in size depending upon terrain, capacity demands, etc. By controlling the transmission power, the radio frequencies assigned to one cell can be limited to the boundaries of that cell. When a cellular phone moves from one cell toward another, a computer at the Switching Office monitors the movement and at the proper time, transfers or hands off the phone call to the new cell and another radio frequency. The Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association is located in Washington, DC.

Q: Why should I choose platinum?
A: Platinum is one of the strongest, most enduring and one of the heaviest metals in the world. It weighs 60% more than karat gold and is ideal for jewelry worn every day because it exhibits little material loss, even after prolonged wear. Platinum in the US generally contains 90%-95% pure platinum, is hypoallergenic, and offers a diamond greater protection. Read all about it at: http://www.preciousplatinum.com/.

Q: Where do most of the world's earthquakes occur?
A: See here. Each day, seismologists record about 3000 earthquakes with about 70 percent in the Circum-Pacific Region. Most of the other occur in a band from Spain and the northern Mediterranean through the Himalayas and Indonesia. The two zones meet near New Guinea.

Q: Can I email the US Postal Service?
A: customer@email.usps.gov

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REVERSE DICTIONARY SAMPLE

table : appendix, chart, graph, index, list, record, schedule, spread, synopsis, tabulation; bench, buffet, console, counter, desk, escritoire, furniture, lectern, secretary, sideboard, slab, stand; defer, delay, shelve,
table of chemical elements : periodic table

table or column arrangement, concerning : tabular

table wine : claret, rose, vin ordinaire

table with hinged sides or ends : drop-leaf table

table, insertion to increase size of : leaf

table, sideboard or buffet : credenza

table, thick rectangular with block legs : Parsons table

tableau : description, illustration, image, picture, scene, view

tables, graduated stacking : nest

tablet : book, notebook, pad, plaque, slab, slate; capsule, lozenge, medicine, pastille, pellet, pill, troche

tableware : bowl, China, cup, dish, dishes, disk, flatware, fork, glass, knife, plate, saucer, silver, silverware, spoon, utensils

taboo : anathema, ban, don’t, forbidden, illegal, ineffable, interdiction, no-no, no-no, outlaw, prohibited, prohibition, proscribed, regulation, restraint, restriction, tabu, unacceptable, unmentionable

tabulate : arrange, categorize, chart, classify, figure, grade, index, list, order, rank

tacit : allusive, implicit, implied, inferred, intimated, silent, suggested, understood, unexpressed, unspoken

taciturn : aloof, closemouthed, laconic, mute, quiet, reserved, reticent, silent, speechless, unexpressive, unvocal, withdrawn

tack on : add, append, brad, fasten, link, nail, pin, secure, thumbtack

tackle : accoutrements, apparatus, collar, derrick, equipment, gear, harness, linesman, material, outfit, paraphernalia, rigging, sack, tack, tools

tackle, to : attack, attempt, encounter, grapple, grasp, secure, undertake

tacky : adhesive, cheap, cheesy, crude, dowdy, gaudy, grubby, messy, ragged, ratty, shabby, slovenly, sticky, tasteless, tasteless, unkempt, untidy, vulgar

tact : acumen, adroitness, delicacy, diplomacy, discernment, discretion, discrimination, finesse, judgment, perception, poise, refinement, savoir faire, savoir-faire, sensitivity, smoothness, suavity

tact and refinement : finesse

tact in saying or doing right thing : savoir faire

tact, lack of : gaucherie

tactful : careful, considerate, diplomatic, discreet, judicious, polished, politic, prudent, sensitive, skillful, suave, thoughtful

tactic : gambit, ploy, stratagem

tactical : approach, attack, diplomatic, expedient, maneuver, plan, policy, prudent, strategy, tactics, technique

tactless : brash, careless, clumsy, crude, discourteous, gruff, impolite, inconsiderate, indiscreet, insensitive, rude, thoughtless, undiplomatic

tag : accompany, add, affix, append, attach, badge, brand, designate, dog, fasten, flap, follow, game, identify, identity, label, logo, mark, motto, nickname, pursue, shadow, sticker, strip, stub, tab, tauil, ticket, title, touch, voucher

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SPELLING DICTIONARY SAMPLE

tab.by
tab.bies
tab.er.nac.le
tab.la.ture
ta.bleta.bled
ta.bling
tab.leau pl. tab.leaux
tab.leaus
ta.ble.cloth
ta.ble.ful
ta.ble.fuls
ta.ble=hop
ta.ble=hopped
ta.ble=hop.ping
ta.ble.spoon
ta.ble.spoon.ful
ta.ble.spoon.fuls
tab.let
tab.loid
ta.ble.top
ta.ble.ware
ta.boo
ta.boos
tab.o.ret
tab.u.lar
tab.u.lar.ly
ta.bu.la ra.sa% pl. ta.bu.lae ra.sae
tab.u.late
tab.u.lat.ed
tab.u.lat.ing
tab.u.la.ble
tab.u.la.tion
tab.u.la.tor
ta.chom.e.ter
tac.it
tac.it.ly
tac.it.ness
tac.i.turn
tac.i.tur.ni.ty
tac.i.turn.ly
tack.ing
tack.er
tack.less
tack.le
tack.led
tack.ling
tack.ler
tack.y
tack.i.er
tack.i.est
tack.i.ness
ta.co
ta.cos
tact.ful
tact.ful.ly
tact.ful.ness
tac.tic
tac.ti.cal
tac.ti.cian
tac.tics
tac.tile
tac.til.i.ty
tact.less
tact.less.ly
tact.less.ness
tad.pole
taf.fe.ta
taf.fy
taf.fies
tag.ging
tag.ger
tag.a.long
tail.ing
tail.less
tail.less.ly
tail.less.ness
tail.back
tail.bone
tail.gate
tail.gat.ed
tail.gat.ing
tail.gat.er
tai.lor
tai.lored
tai.lor.ing
tai.lor.a.ble
tai.lor.a.bil.i.ty
tail.light
tai.lor=made
tail.pipe
tail.spin
tail.spin.ning
tail.wind
taint.ed
taint.ing
tai.pan

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SUBJECT CLASSIFICATION SAMPLE


HISTORY
archaeology
historiography
history
international politics
military affairs
paleontology

GEOGRAPHY
cartography
exploration
geography
geophysical feature
geopolitical feature

PHYSICAL SCIENCES
acoustics
aeronautics
agriculture, food, livestock
astronomy & optics
chemistry
communications
computer science
construction & engineering
earth sciences
ecology/environment
electricity
electronics
energy
forestry
geology
industry/manufacturing
mathematics
measurement/time
metallurgy
meteorology/atmospherics
military technology
mining, metals, & fuels
oceanography/hydrology
physics
space technology
statistics
technology
telecommunications
transportation
urban technology

LIFE SCIENCES
anatomy & physiology
biology
botany
genetics
medicine
microbiology
molecular biology
nutrition & health
pharmacology
psychology & psychiatry
surgery
zoology

SOCIAL SCIENCES
anthropology
business
cooking
economics
education
education, higher
evolution
family/home
finance & banking
labor
law & criminology
marketing, sales, advertising
personal care
political science / govt
social issues
sociology
special occasions
trade
travel/vacation

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THESAURUS SAMPLE 1

HEADWORD: lopsided
pos: adj
def: leaning
:askew, asymmetrical, awry, cockeyed, crooked, disproportional, disproportionate, inclinatory, irregular, nonsymmetrical, off-balance, one-sided, overbalanced, squint, tilting, top-heavy, top-heavy, unbalanced, unequal, uneven, unsteady, falling, warped
concept: direction

HEADWORD: loquacious
pos: adj
def: talkative
:babbling, blathering, chattering, chatty, flapping, fluent, gabby, garrulous, gossipy, jabbering, long-winded, loose-lipped, motormouth, multiloquent, prolix, verbose, voluble, wordy, yakking
concept: communication action

HEADWORD: lord
pos: n
def: master
:aristocrat, baron, bishop, captain, commandant, commander, count, dad, don, duke, earl, governor, governor, king, leader, liege, magnate, man upstairs, marquis, monarch, noble, nobleman, old man, overlord, parliamentarian, patrician, peer, potentate, nobility, prince, royalty, ruler, seigneur, sovereign, superior, viscount
concept: royal entity

HEADWORD: lordly
pos: adj2
def: grand
:majestic, aristocratic, august, dignified, exalted, gracious, grandiose, honorable, imperial, imposing, lofty, magnificent, noble, princely, regal, stately
concept: superiority

HEADWORD: lordly
pos: adj1
def: arrogant
:affected, authoritarian, bossy, cavalier, condescending, despotic, dictatorial, domineering, egotistic, haughty, high-handed, imperious, insolent, lofty, magisterial, overbearing, patronizing, disdainful, pompous, proud, puffed, snobbish, stuck-up, supercilious, superior, tyrannical
concept: behavior (bad)

HEADWORD: lore
pos: n
def: myths
:wisdom, belief, custom, doctrine, enlightenment, erudition, experience, fable, folklore, information, knowledge, learning, legend, letters, mythology, mythos, saga, saw, saying, scholarship, science, superstition, tale, teaching, tradition
concept: information

HEADWORD: lose
pos: v1
def: mislay
:be careless, be impoverished, be reduced, become poorer, bereave, capitulate, consume, default, deplete, disinherit, displace, dispossess, dissipate, divest, drain, drop, exhaust, expend, fail, fall short, forfeit, forget, give up, lavish, misplace, miss, misspend, oust, pass up, relinquish, rob, sacrifice, squander, suffer, suffer loss, surrender, use up, waste, yield
concept: loss

HEADWORD: lose
pos: v2
def: be defeated
:be bumped, be humbled, be outdistanced, be sunk, be worsted, blow, crap out, decline, drop, fall, go down, kiss goodbye, lose out, miss, succumb, suffer defeat, yield
concept: defeating

HEADWORD: lose
pos: v3
def: escape
:avoid, clear, dodge, duck, elude, evade, leave behind, outrun, rid, shake, shake off, slip away, stray from, throw off, unburden, wander from
concept: escape

HEADWORD: loser
pos: n
def: failure
:also-ran, bomb, bummer, bust, deadbeat, defeated, disadvantaged, dud, failure, fall guy, flop, flunkey, lemon, turkey, underdog, underprivileged, washout
concept: unsocial entity

HEADWORD: loss
pos: n
def: misfortune
:accident, bad luck, bereavement, calamity, casualty, cataclysm, catastrophe, cost, damage, death, debit, debt, defeat, deficiency, depletion, deprivation, destitution, destruction, detriment, disadvantage, disappearance, disaster, dispossession, failure, fall, fatality, forfeiture, harm, hurt, impairment, injury, losing, misadventure, mishap, mislaying, misplacing, need, perdition, privation, retardation, ruin, sacrifice, shrinkage, squandering, trial, trouble, undoing, want, waste, wreckage
concept: loss

HEADWORD: lost
pos: adj1
def: missing
:absent, adrift, astray, at sea, cast away, disappeared, disoriented, forfeit, forfeited, gone, gone astray, hidden, invisible, irrecoverable, irretrievable, off-track, irrevocable, kiss goodbye, lacking, minus, mislaid, misplaced, missed, obscured, off-course, strayed, unredeemed, vanished, wandering, wayward, without
concept: loss

HEADWORD: lost
pos: adj2
def: extinct
:abolished, annihilated, bygone, consumed, dead, demolished, devastated, dissipated, eradicated, exterminated, forgotten, frittered away, gone, lapsed, misspent, misused, obliterated, obsolete, out-of-date, past, perished, ruined, squandered, destroyed, unremembered, wasted, wasted, wiped out, wrecked
concept: death

HEADWORD: lost
pos: adj3
def: dreaming
:absent, absentminded, absorbed, abstracted, bemused, bewildered, distrait, dreamy, engrossed, entranced, faraway, feeble, ignorant, inconscient, musing, perplexed, preoccupied, rapt, spellbound, taken in, taken up, unconscious, distracted, wasted
concept: ignorance

HEADWORD: lot
pos: n1
def: property
:bush, acreage, allotment, apportionment, area, block, block, clearing, division, field, frontage, parcel, part, patch, percentage, piece, plat, plot, plottage, portion, property, real estate, tract
concept: landform

HEADWORD: lot
pos: n2
def: quantity
:abundance, aggregate, aggregation, amplitude, assortment, barrel, batch, body, bunch, bundle, circle, clump, cluster, clutch, collection, conglomeration, conglomerate, consignment, crowd, gobs, great deal, group, heap, heaps, load, loads, mass, mess, much, multiplicity, number, numbers, ocean, oodles, order, pack, pile, plenitude, plenty, push, reams, requisition, scores, set, stack, stacks, zillions
concept: quantity (large)

HEADWORD: lot
pos: n3
def: portion
:share, allotment, allowance, bite, cut, parcel, part, percentage, piece, quota, ration, slice, take
concept: minor part

HEADWORD: lot
pos: n4
def: fate
:destiny, accident, beads, break, breaks, cards, chance, circumstance, decree, doom, foreordination, fortune, hazard, karma, kismet, moira, plight, portion, predestination, weird
concept: fate

HEADWORD: lotion
pos: n
def: solution
:balm, cosmetic, cream, demulcent, embrocation, lenitive, liniment, medicine, ointment, palliative, preparation, salve, unguent, wash
concept: substance

HEADWORD: loud
pos: adj1
def: noisy
:big, blatant, blustering, boisterous, booming, cacophonous, clamorous, crashing, deafening, deep, ear-piercing, ear-splitting, emphatic, forte, full, full-mouthed, fulminating, heavy, high-sounding, intense, loud-voiced, lusty, obstreperous, pealing, piercing, powerful, rambunctious, raucous, resonant, resounding, ringing, roaring, rowdy, sonorous, stentorian, stentorian, strident, strong, thundering, tumultuous, turbulent, turbulent, turned up, uproarious, vehement, vehement, vociferous, blaring
concept: sound (loud)

HEADWORD: loud
pos: adj2
def: offensive
:gaudy, brash, brassy, brazen, chintzy, coarse, crass, crude, flamboyant, flashy, garish, glaring, lurid, meretricious, obnoxious, obtrusive, ostentatious, raucous, rude, showy, tasteless, tawdry, vulgar
concept: unstylishness

HEADWORD: lounge
pos: v
def: idle
:bum, dawdle, fritter away, goldbrick, goof off, idle, kill time, laze, loaf, loiter, loll, pass time, potter, recline, relax, repose, saunter, sprawl
concept: relaxation

HEADWORD: lounge
pos: n
def: club
:bar, barroom, candy store, club room, cocktail lounge, dive, drinkery, hideaway, juice joint, juke joint, lobby, meat market, meat rack, mezzanine, parlor, pub, reception, saloon, spot, tap, taproom, water hole
concept: business entity

HEADWORD: lousy
pos: adj
def: bad
:awful, base, contemptible, despicable, dirty, disliked, execrable, faulty, harmful, hateful, horrible, inferior, low, mean, miserable, no good, outrageous, poor, poor, rotten, second-rate, shoddy, slovenly, terrible, unpopular, unwelcome, vicious, vile
concept: negativeness

HEADWORD: lovable
pos: adj
def: endearing
:adorable, agreeable, alluring, amiable, angelic, appealing, attractive, bewitching, captivating, charming, cuddly, delightful, desirable, enchanting, engaging, enthralling, entrancing, fascinating, fetching, friendly, genial, lovely, lovesome, likable, pleasing, ravishing, seductive, sweet, winning, winsome
concept: loving

HEADWORD: love
pos: v1
def: adore
:like, admire, adulate, canonize, care for, cherish, choose, deify, delight in, dote on, esteem, exalt, fall for, fancy, flip over, glorify, go for, gone on, hold dear, hold high, idolize, long for, prefer, prize, thrive with, treasure, venerate, wild for, worship,
concept: loving

HEADWORD: love
pos: v2
def: have sex
:grass, canoodle, caress, chase after, clasp, cosset, court, cuddle, dandle, draw close, embrace, feel, fondle, hold, hug, kiss, lick, look tenderly, make it, make love, neck, pet, press, shine, soothe, spoon, stroke, tryst, woo
concept: lovemaking

HEADWORD: love
pos: n1
def: adoration
:liking, adulation, affection, allegiance, amity, amorousness, amour, appreciation, ardency, ardor, attachment, case, cherishing, crash, crush, delight, devotedness, devotion, emotion, enchantment, enjoyment, fervor, fidelity, flame, fondness, friendship, hankering, idolatry, inclination, infatuation, involvement, like, lust, mad for, mash, partiality, pash, passion, piety, rapture, regard, relish, respect, sentiment, soft spot, taste, tenderness, the hots, weakness, wild for, worship, yearning, zeal
concept: loving

HEADWORD: love
pos: n2
def: beloved
:Juliet, Romeo, admirer, angel, beau, beloved, boyfriend, courter, darling, dear, dear one, dearest, flame, girlfriend, honey, honeybunch, inamorata, inamorato, loved one, lover, paramour, passion, spark, squire, suitor, swain, sweet, sweetheart, truelove, turtledove, valentine
concept: sociable entity

HEADWORD: love affair
pos: n
def: relationship
:Roman spring, affair, amour, devotion, enthusiasm, extracurricular activity, flirtation, hanky-panky, intrigue, liaison, love, matinee, nooner, passion, romance, thing, tip, triangle
concept: lovemaking

HEADWORD: lovely
pos: adj
def: beautiful
:admirable, adorable, alluring, amiable, attractive, beauteous, bewitching, captivating, comely, dainty, delectable, delicate, delicious, delightful, dishy, drop-dead gorgeous, enchanting, engaging, engaging, enjoyable, exquisite, exquisite, fair, foxy, charming, agreeable, good-looking, graceful, gratifying, handsome, knockout, lovesome, mink, nice, nice, picture, pleasant, pleasing, pretty, pulchritudinous, rare, scrumptious, splendid, stunning, sweet, sweet, whistle bait, winning
concept: beauty

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THESAURUS SAMPLE 2

h: calamity
c: act
a: calamitous, cataclysmal, cataclysmic, catastrophic, dangerous, desperate, disastrous, harmful, holocaustic, precipitous, sad, terrible, tragic, unfortunate, unlucky, woeful
n: Armageddon, atrocity, blow, cataclysm, catastrophe, debacle, difficulty, disaster, doom, fiasco, holocaust, loss, misfortune, reverse, strife, tragedy, tribulation, woe

h: calculate
c: mea
a: algorismic, calculating
n: abacus, accumulator, algorism, algorithm, calculator, dead reckoning, microchip, ready reckoner
v: appraise, assay, assess, cipher, compute, determine, estimate, examine, figure, forecast, gauge, infer, measure, predict, prognosticate, project, reason, score, tally, theorize, value, weigh

h: calendar
c: mea
a: intercalary
n: agenda, almanac, calends, chart, diary, docket, Gregorian, intercalation, Julian, list, log, menology, record, table
v: intercalate

h: calf
c: peo
a: gastrocnemial, sural
n: gastrocnemius
1: animal: cade, dogie, freemartin, slink, stirk.

h: call
c: act
a: convocational, evocative, evocatory
n: appeal, beckoning, clarion, command, convocation, demand, draft, evocation, muster, notice, notification, request, scream, shriek, signal, subpoena, summons, yell
v: address, convocate, denominate, designate, dub, entitle, evocate, invoke, muster, nominate, style

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THESAURUS SAMPLE 3

570 LEARNING

NOUNS 1 learning, intellectual acquirement or acquisition or attainment, stocking or storing the mind, mental cultivation, mental culture, improving or broadening the mind, acquisition of knowledge, scholarship; mastery, mastery of skills; self-education, self-instruction; knowledge, erudition 927.5; education 568.1; memorization 988.4

2 absorption, ingestion, imbibing, assimilation, taking-in, getting, getting hold of, getting the hang of [nf], soaking-up, digestion

3 study, studying, application, conning; reading, perusal; restudy, restudying, brushing up, boning up [nf], review; contemplation 930.2; inspection 937.3; engrossment; brainwork, headwork, lucubration, mental labor; exercise, practice, drill; grind and grinding and boning [nf], boning up [nf]; cramming and cram [nf], swotting [Brit nf]; extensive study, wide reading; subject 568.8

4 studiousness, scholarliness, scholarship; bookishness, diligence 330.6; learnedness, intellectuality, literacy, polymathy, erudition

5 teachableness, teachability, educability, trainableness; aptness, aptitude, quickness, readiness; receptivity, mind like a blotter, ready grasp, quick mind, quick study; willingness, motivation, hunger or thirst for learning, willingness to learn, curiosity, inquisitiveness; docility, malleability, moldability, pliability, facility, plasticity, impressionability, susceptibility, formability; brightness, cleverness, quickness, readiness, intelligence 919

VERBS 6 learn, get, get hold of [nf], get into one’s head, get through one’s thick skull [nf]; gain knowledge, pick up information, gather or collect or glean knowledge or learning; stock or store the mind, improve or broaden the mind; stuff or cram the mind; burden or load the mind; find out, ascertain, discover, find, determine; become informed, gain knowledge or understanding of, acquire information or intelligence about, research, become aware of, learn about, find out about; acquaint oneself with, make oneself acquainted with, become acquainted with; be informed 551.14

7 absorb, acquire, take in, ingest, imbibe, get by osmosis, assimilate, digest, soak up, drink in; soak in, seep in, percolate in

8 {/NUM}{XREF}memorize 988.17, get by rote; fix in the mind 988.18

9 master, attain mastery of, make oneself master of, gain command of, become adept in, become familiar or conversant with, become versed or well-versed in, get up in or on, gain a good or thorough knowledge of, learn all about, get down pat [nf], get down cold [nf], get taped [Brit nf], get to the bottom or heart of; get the hang or knack of; learn the ropes, learn the ins and outs; know well 927.13

10 learn by experience, learn by doing, live and learn, go through the school of hard knocks, learn the hard way [nf]; teach or school oneself; learn a lesson, be taught a lesson

11 be taught, receive instruction, be tutored, be instructed, undergo schooling, pursue one’s education, attend classes, go to or attend school, take lessons, matriculate, enroll, register; train, prepare oneself, ready oneself, go into training; serve an apprenticeship; apprentice, apprentice oneself to; study with, read with, sit at the feet of, learn from, have as one’s master; monitor, audit

12 study, regard studiously, apply oneself to, con, crack a book and hit the books [nf]; read, peruse, go over, read up or read up on, have one’s nose in a book [nf]; restudy, review; contemplate 930.12; examine 937.23; give the mind to 982.5; pore over, vet [Brit nf]; be highly motivated, hunger or thirst for knowledge; bury oneself in, wade through, plunge into; dig and grind and bone and bone up on [nf], swot [Brit nf]; lucubrate, elucubrate, burn the midnight oil; make a study of; practice, drill

13 browse, scan, skim, dip into, thumb over or through, run over or through, glance or run the eye over or through, turn over the leaves, have a look at, hit the high spots, graze

14 study up, get up, study up on, read up on, get up on; review, brush up, polish up [nf], rub up, cram or cram up [nf], bone up [nf]; pull an all-nighter

15 study to be, study for, read for, read law, etc; specialize in, go in for, make one’s field; major in, minor in

ADJS 16 educated, learned 927.21,22; knowledgeable, erudite; literate, numerate; self-taught, self-instructed, autodidactic

17 studious, devoted to studies, scholarly, scholastic, academic, professorial, tweedy, donnish [Brit]; owlish; rabbinic, mandarin; pedantic, dryasdust; bookish 927.22; diligent 330.22

18 teachable, instructable, educable, schoolable, trainable; apt, quick, ready, ripe for instruction; receptive, willing, motivated; hungry or thirsty for knowledge; docile, malleable, moldable, pliable, facile, plastic, impressionable, susceptible, formable; bright, clever, intelligent 919.12

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TRIVIA BOOK SAMPLE

The Animal Crackers box was designed with a string because they were introduced in 1902 as a Christmas novelty, intended to be hung from Christmas trees.

In Latin America, avocados are often wrapped and given as wedding gifts.

In Japan, Gerber's top selling baby food is sardines.

One out of three cows in the US used for food purposes (beef) are used by the McDonald's Corporation.

The ball of food that your tongue creates during chewing is called a "bolus".

Milton S. Hershey switched from making caramels to chocolate bars partly because in the summertime, the caramels did not retain the imprint of his name like chocolate did.

The name for Sanka coffee comes from "sans caféine", French for ‘without caffeine’.

The coffee filter was invented in 1908 by a German homemaker, Melitta Benz, when she lined a tin cup with blotter paper to filter the coffee grinds.

About 8 percent of the weight in a box of corn flakes is corn. Less than 5 percent of the purchase price reflects the corn price.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt's favorite food was fried cornmeal mush.

A short history of cutlery: Knives were the first to be invented. Cave-men used crude stone knives used to cut meat. Spoons were next. The earliest forms found (carved from bone, stone, or wood) suggest they were invented 25,000 years ago. Forks are the newest. Invented in the 11th Century, they were demonized by the Catholic Church, the elders stating that it would be heresy for anything other than hands to touch the food that God created. They finally gained acceptance in the 13th and 14th Centuries when French noblemen began using them, ostensibly to keep their clothes clean as they dined.  
The first Krispy Kreme doughnut was sold on July 13, 1937 in Salem, North Carolina.
The first drive-through window at a restaurant was at the McDonald's in Sierra Vista, AZ. It was put in so that the soldiers from Ft. Huachuca could get food since the base had a regulation that prohibited anyone in uniform from entering a business establishment.

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VOCABULARY SAMPLE 1

ab ovo (Latin) from the beginning.
aide-mémoire (French) memory aid; outline of a discussion or agreement.
à la carte (French) according to the menu; every item is ordered individually.
al dente (Italian, ‘to the tooth') of pasta, not overcooked.
animus (Latin) will or intention.
arête (French, ‘fishbone') sharp mountain ridge between two gorges.
au pair (French, ‘at par, even') a young girl serving as a domestic, caregiver, or companion in return for room and board.
baklava (Turkish) rich, many-layered pastry made with butter, nuts, and honey.
béarnaise (French, from Béarn, a district in SW France) a sauce of egg yolks, butter, vinegar, shallots, and spices
bête noire (French) one's strongest hatred, fear, or aversion.
bistecca (Italian, from English beefsteak) beefsteak, steak.
bolas (Spanish) device consisting of two or more heavy balls fastened to the end of a long rope, used to entrap cattle and other animals by hurling it at their legs and entangling them.
bouillon (French) clear broth flavored with meat or poultry.
brasserie (French) bar or saloon, often serving food.
canapé (French) a think piece of bread, cracker, or toast topped with food and served as an appetizer.
cartouche (French) ornamental emblem on a shield, shaped like a gun cartridge; an oval shape surrounding an inscription the name of an Egyptian pharaoh in hieroglyphic text.
Châteaubriand or châteaubriant (French) large, tender beefsteak served lavishly, often with mushrooms, truffles, or vegetables.
chinook (Native American) warm, dry wind of the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains.
chop suey (Chinese, ‘mixed bits') Chinese-American dish of meat and vegetables.
chutney (Anglo-Indian, from Hinti) East Indian sweet-and-sour sauce.
cognomen (Latin) surname or family name; nickname.
crudités (French) raw shredded vegetables served as hors d'oeuvres.
dégagé (French) disengaged; uninhibited.
dépêche (French) dispatch; message.
diaspora (Greek) dispersal, scattering, as the Jews after the destruction of Jerusalem.
dinero (Spanish) money.
duvet (French) eiderdown or quilt of eiderdown.
écru (French, ‘raw, unbleached') a neutral brown color of an unbleached fabric; such a textile.
embarras de richesses (French) embarrassment of riches; more than one needs or can use.
enchanté (French) enchanted, delighted, charmed.
enchilada (Spanish) Mexican tortilla, rolled and filled with seasoned meat and vegetables and served with a hot chile sauce.
en passant (French) in passing; incidentally; a chess move in which a pawn on its first move can capture an opposing pawn in the fifth rank of its own file.
étagère (French) set of shelves for knickknacks or books, etc.
et alia or et al. (Latin) and other things; et cetera.
ex libris (Latin) from among the books of, used on bookplates to identify the owner.
farina (Italian, Latin) flour; meal.
felucca (Spanish from Arabic fuluk, pl. of fulk, ‘ship') type of sailing vessel used in the Mediterranean, on the Nile, and by Spain and Portugal.
fiat (Latin ‘let it be done') authoritative decree or order, esp. one given by a person or group holding absolute power.
filet (French) strip of boneless fish or meat; tender steak. Filet mignon is a tenderloin steak, literally ‘dainty or delicate steak'.
fulano (Spanish, from Arabic fulan, ‘such') John Doe; everyperson.
gâteau (French) rich cake; cookie.
gaucho (American Spanish) cowboy of the pampas of southern South America.
gelato (Italian) ice cream; sherbet.
Gesundheit (German) health; God bless you!
gravure (French) engraving; engraved item.
hafiz (Arabic) Moslem who knows the Koran by heart; a title of respect.
hasta la vista (Spanish) see you later.
hibachi (Japanese) small cook stove.
hosanna (Hebrew ‘save, we pray') shout of praise to God; originally an appeal to God for deliverance.
innamorato (Italian) lover; sweetheart.
ipse dixit (Latin) the master has spoken; (he) himself said (it).
jehovah (erroneously from JHVH or YHVH, Hebrew letters for God] God of the Old Testament.
jihad or jehad (Arabic) holy war; crusade.
kabuki (Japanese kabu, ‘music and dancing' + ki, ‘style') popular Japanese theatrical form, with music and dancing.
kibbutz (modern Hebrew) Israeli collective farm settlement.
kvetch (Yiddish) to complain, gripe; a complainer.
lèse-majesté (French, from Latin laesa majestas, ‘offended majesty') treason; offense against the sovereign.
literati (Latin) educated or cultured people; literary persons.
litotes (Greek) rhetorical understatement, esp. affirming something by denying its opposite.
locum tenens (Latin) holding the place of; substituting for. Also, deputy; lieutenant.

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VOCABULARY SAMPLE 2

archery: address
archery: Albion round
archery: American round
archery: anchor
archery: animal round
archery: archer
archery: archer's paralysis
archery: arm guard
archery: arrow
archery: arrow plate
archery: arrow rest
archery: arrowhead
archery: back
archery: backed bow
archery: backing
archery: barebow
archery: barreled shaft, arrow
archery: battle clouts
archery: belly
archery: blunt
archery: bolt
archery: boss
archery: bow
archery: bow arm
archery: bow hand
archery: bow sock
archery: bow weight
archery: bowman
archery: bowsight
archery: bowstring
archery: bowyer
archery: brace
archery: bracer
archery: broadhead
archery: bull's-eye, bull
archery: butt shaft, butt
archery: cant
archery: cast
archery: chested arrow
archery: closed
archery: clout, clout target
archery: clout shooting
archery: cock feather
archery: Columbia round
archery: creep
archery: creeping
archery: crest
archery: crossbow
archery: crossbowman
archery: double
archery: double round
archery: draw
archery: draw weight
archery: drawing hand
archery: drawing weight
archery: drift
archery: end
archery: eye
archery: face
archery: feather
archery: field archery
archery: field arrow
archery: field captain
archery: field point
archery: field round
archery: field roving course
archery: finger stall
archery: finger tab
archery: fistmele
archery: FITA round
archery: flat bow
archery: fletch, -r
archery: fletching
archery: flick
archery: flight arrow
archery: flight shooting
archery: flights
archery: flirt
archery: floo-floo, flu-flu
archery: follow the string
archery: follow-through
archery: foot
archery: foot bow
archery: footed arrow
archery: freestyle
archery: gap
archery: glove
archery: gold
archery: green
archery: grip
archery: half bow
archery: hand
archery: hand bow
archery: hanging arrow
archery: head
archery: hen feathers
archery: Hereford round
archery: hold
archery: home
archery: hunter's round
archery: hunting bow
archery: in
archery: instinctive shooting
archery: Junior Columbia round
archery: keeper
archery: King's round
archery: kick
archery: kisser
archery: kissoff
archery: lady paramount
archery: let down
archery: limb
archery: lipping
archery: Long International
archery: longbow
archery: loose
archery: mail match
archery: matt
archery: Mediterranean draw
archery: Men's National round
archery: Men's Western round
archery: Mongolian draw
archery: National round
archery: natural form
archery: nock
archery: nocking point
archery: open
archery: out
archery: overbowed
archery: overdraw
archery: perfect end
archery: petticoat
archery: pile
archery: pin hole
archery: pluck
archery: point
archery: point-blank range
archery: point-of-aim
archery: Pope Young round
archery: popinjay shooting
archery: post
archery: power form
archery: push-pull method
archery: quiver
archery: range
archery: range finger
archery: razorhead
archery: rebound
archery: recurved bow
archery: reflex bow
archery: release
archery: riser
archery: round
archery: rover
archery: self
archery: serve
archery: serving
archery: set
archery: shaft
archery: shaftment
archery: shooting line
archery: shootoff
archery: Short International
archery: sight window
archery: skirt
archery: spine
archery: spot
archery: St. George round
archery: stabilizer
archery: stack-up
archery: stacked bow
archery: stake
archery: stand
archery: step-through method
archery: straight bow
archery: string
archery: string arm
archery: string dampener
archery: string fingers
archery: string hand
archery: string picture
archery: string walking
archery: tab
archery: tackle
archery: target
archery: target archery
archery: target bow, arrow
archery: target captain
archery: target point, round
archery: tassel
archery: tiller
archery: toxophilite
archery: underbowed
archery: underdraw
archery: understrung
archery: unit
archery: unstring
archery: vane
archery: walk-up
archery: wand
archery: wand shoot, -ing
archery: weight
archery: Western round
archery: whip
archery: Windsor round
archery: York round

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WORDLIST SAMPLE 1

CARD GAMES
ace-deuce-jack
authors
blackjack
bridge
canasta
casino
crazy eights
cribbage
euchre
five hundred
hearts
low and high low
Michigan
Napoleon
old maid
pinochle
poker
rummy
sixty-six
solitaire

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WORDLIST SAMPLE 2

MUSEUMS, TYPES OF
aquariums
arboretums
art
botanical gardens
broadcasting and media
children's
crafts and folk arts
cultural
design
film
general
historical society, local
history
hobbies
natural history
planetariums
religion
royal collections
science and technology
sports
vehicles
zoos

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WORDLIST SAMPLE 3 (for computer game)

u
u's
uakari
ualis
uang
uayeb
ubangi
ubc
uberant
ubero
usubero
usly
ubero
usness
uberrima
uberties
uberty
ubi
ubication
ubieties
ubiety
ubiquarian
ubique
ubiquious
ubiquit
ubiquitarian
ubiquitaries
ubiquitariness
ubiquitary
ubiquities
ubiquitism
ubiquitous
ubiquitously
ubiquitousness
ubiquity
ubound
ubussu
uc
uckers
uckia
ucuuba
udal
udaler
udaller
udalman
udasi
udder
uddered
udderful
udderless
udderlike
udders
udell
udo
udographic
udom
udometer
udometers
udometric
udometries
udometry
udomograph
udos
uds

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WORDLIST SAMPLE 4 (for proper noun speller)

20th_Century_Fox
3M_Company
7-Eleven_Stores
A&P
A&W_Restaurants
AAMCO_Transmissions_Incorporated
Abbott_Laboratories
Adolph_Coors_Company
Aer_Lingus
Aeroflot
AeroMexico
Aetna_Life_and_Casualty_Company
Air_Canada
Air_France
Air_Jamaica
Air-India
Alberto-Culver_Company
ALCOA
Alitalia_Airlines
Allied-Signal_Incorporated
Allis-Chalmers_Corporation
Allstate_Insurance_Company
Aluminum_Company_of_America
Amax_Incorporated
American_Airlines,_Incorporated
American_Brands,_Incorporated
American_Cyanamid_Company
American_Express_Company
American_Financial_Corporation
American_Home_Products_Corporation
American_International_Group,_Incorporated
American_Stores_Company
American_Telephone_&_Telegraph_Company
Ameritech_Corporation
Amoco_Corporation
AMR_Corporation
Amtrak
Anheuser-Busch_Companies,_Incorporated
Apple_Computer,_Incorporated
Arby's_Incorporated
Archer-Daniels-Midland_Company
Arco
Armco_Incorporated
Armstrong_World_Industries_Incorporated
Asarco_Incorporated
AT&T
Athlete's_Foot_Group_Incorporated
Atlantic_Richfield_Company
Avianca-Columbian_Airlines
Avon_Products,_Incorporated
Great_Atlantic_&_Pacific_Tea_Company_Incorporated
Minnesota_Mining_&_Manufacturing_Company

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YELLOW PAGES HEADINGS REVISION SAMPLE

HEADWORD: rabbits
CATEGORY: anim
REVISION:

HEADWORD: race track equipment & supplies
CATEGORY: spts
REVISION: race track equipment

HEADWORD: race track equipment & supplies-mfrs
CATEGORY: manu
REVISION: race track equipment

HEADWORD: race track equipment & supplies-whol
CATEGORY: whol
REVISION: race track equipment

HEADWORD: race tracks
CATEGORY: spts; ente
REVISION:

HEADWORD: racing car equipment
CATEGORY: auto
REVISION: DEL > auto supplies-performance/racing/sports car

HEADWORD: rack merchandise service
CATEGORY: busi
REVISION:

HEADWORD: rackets-restringing & repairing
CATEGORY: spts
REVISION: racket restringing & repair

HEADWORD: racks
CATEGORY: offi
REVISION: DEL > racks & reels

HEADWORD: racks-mfrs
CATEGORY: manu
REVISION: racks

HEADWORD: racks-whol
CATEGORY: whol
REVISION: racks

HEADWORD: racquetball courts-private
CATEGORY: spts
REVISION: racquetball courts (private)

HEADWORD: racquetball courts-public
CATEGORY: spts
REVISION: racquetball courts (public)

HEADWORD: racquetball equipment & supplies
CATEGORY: spts
REVISION: racquetball equipment

HEADWORD: racquetball equipment & supplies-mfrs
CATEGORY: manu
REVISION: racquetball equipment

HEADWORD: racquetball equipment & supplies-whol
CATEGORY: whol
REVISION: racquetball equipment

HEADWORD: racquetball, handball & squash court construction
CATEGORY: cons
REVISION: contractors-racquetball/handball/squash courts

HEADWORD: radar equipment & supplies
CATEGORY: elec
REVISION:

HEADWORD: radar equipment & supplies-whol
CATEGORY: whol
REVISION: radar equipment & supplies

HEADWORD: radiant heating systems
CATEGORY: cons
REVISION: DEL > heating systems & equipment (electric) OR contracto

HEADWORD: radiation detection devices & service
CATEGORY: envi
REVISION: HEAD

HEADWORD: radiator covers & enclosures
CATEGORY: cons
REVISION:

HEADWORD: radiator covers & enclosures-mfrs
CATEGORY: manu
REVISION: radiator covers & enclosures

HEADWORD: radiators-automotive
CATEGORY: auto
REVISION: auto supplies-radiators

HEADWORD: radiators-automotive-mfrs
CATEGORY: manu
REVISION: radiators (auto)

HEADWORD: radiators-automotive-whol
CATEGORY: whol
REVISION: radiators (auto)

HEADWORD: radiators-coolants & solvents
CATEGORY: auto
REVISION: auto supplies-radiator coolants/solvents

HEADWORD: radiators-coolants & solvents-mfrs
CATEGORY: mfrs
REVISION: radiator coolants/solvents

HEADWORD: radiators-coolants & solvents-whol
CATEGORY: whol
REVISION: radiator coolants/solvents

HEADWORD: radiators-heating
CATEGORY: appl
REVISION: DEL > heating equipment

HEADWORD: radiators-industrial
CATEGORY: indu
REVISION: radiators

HEADWORD: radio broadcasting program producers
CATEGORY: comm
REVISION: DEL > radio program producers

HEADWORD: radio broadcasting schools
CATEGORY: educ; comm
REVISION: DEL > broadcasting schools

HEADWORD: radio broadcasting stations
CATEGORY: comm
REVISION: DEL > radio stations & broadcasting companies

HEADWORD: radio communication equipment & systems
CATEGORY: comm, elec
REVISION:

HEADWORD: radio communication equipment & systems-whol & mfrs
CATEGORY: whol, manu
REVISION: radio communications equipment & systems

HEADWORD: radio communications companies
CATEGORY: comm
REVISION: DEL

HEADWORD: radio dealers
CATEGORY: elec
REVISION: DEL > televisions & radios

HEADWORD: radio direction finders
CATEGORY: elec
REVISION:

HEADWORD: radio electronic consultants
CATEGORY: elec
REVISION: consultants-radio electronic

HEADWORD: radio paging & signaling-common carrier
CATEGORY: comm
REVISION: DEL > paging/signaling service (common carrier)

HEADWORD: radio program producers
CATEGORY: comm
REVISION:

HEADWORD: radio service & repair
CATEGORY: elec
REVISION: DEL > television & radio service & repair

HEADWORD: radio station equipment
CATEGORY: comm
REVISION:

HEADWORD: radio station equipment-mfrs
CATEGORY: manu
REVISION: radio station equipment

HEADWORD: radio station representatives
CATEGORY: comm; busi
REVISION:

HEADWORD: radio stations & broadcasting companies
CATEGORY: comm
REVISION:

HEADWORD: radio supplies & parts
CATEGORY: elec
REVISION: DEL > television & radio supplies

HEADWORD: radioactivity instruments, supplies & service
CATEGORY: elec
REVISION: radioactivity detecting equipment

HEADWORD: radioactivity instruments, supplies & service-mfrs
CATEGORY: manu
REVISION: radioactivity detecting equipment

HEADWORD: radios-citizens band
CATEGORY: elec
REVISION: radios (citizens band)

HEADWORD: radios-citizens band-whol
CATEGORY: whol
REVISION: radios (citizens band)

HEADWORD: radiotelephone communications-common carrier
CATEGORY: comm
REVISION: radiotelephone communications

HEADWORD: radiotelephone communications-equipment & systems
CATEGORY: comm
REVISION: radiotelephone communications equipment & systems

HEADWORD: radiotherapy
CATEGORY: medi
REVISION: DEL > hospitals

HEADWORD: radium
CATEGORY: indu; medi
REVISION: materials-radium / medical supplies-radium

HEADWORD: radon gas detection & mitigation services
CATEGORY: envi
REVISION: radon gas detection/mitigation service

HEADWORD: rafts
CATEGORY: spts
REVISION:

HEADWORD: rags
CATEGORY: clea
REVISION: DEL > wiping cloths

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